TERRITORIAL ATTRACTIVENESS: ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESTINATIONS

  • Andres Guzmán-Sala
Keywords: Territorial Attractiveness, Tourist Territory, Tourism Sector, Tourism Destination

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the factors that influence the development of tourist territories in Mexico. Some destinations have important natural resources; however, they do not reach a position in the tourist market. The development of the destinations is closely related to its territorial attractiveness and the tourism projects implemented. A theoretical review and analysis of the variables that influence the development of the territories as tourist destinations were carried out: tourism actors, tourism resources, infrastructure and public policies. 173 documents were analyzed in the following destinations: Cancún 22.5%, Huatulco 32.4%, Puerto Vallarta 27.7%, and Los Cabos 17.3%. The results revealed that the most important factors in the development of destinations in general for Mexico are the actors and natural resources. However, in Tabasco a particular contrast is observed, these factors do not necessarily influence its tourism development. This destination has the key factors for its development, but it does not manage to develop as an important national destination. The tourism authorities only need to encourage their development based on their potential as a territory. In conclusion, territorial and tourist attractiveness will continue to be determinant of the development of the destination. Natural resources and actors were the factors that most influenced the development of these destinations. But, the organization responsible for promoting the destination in this country requires working hard in the management and development of the territories, coordinating all the factors in order to promote their tourist attractiveness.

Author Biography

Andres Guzmán-Sala

Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco

References

Almeida, J., Costa, C., & Nunes, F. d. (2018). Collaborative Approach for Tourism Conflict Management: A Portuguese Case Study. Land Use Policy(75), 166-179.

Andergassen, R., Candela, G., & Figini, P. (2017). The Management of Tourism Destinations: A Policy Game. Tourism Economics, 49-65.

Benseny, G. (2007). El Turismo en México. Apreciaciones sobre el Turismo en el Espacio Litoral . Aportes y Transferencias, 13-34.

Birkland, T. A. (2007). Agenda Setting in Public Policy. En F. Fischer, G. J. Miller, & M. S. Sidney, Handbook of Public Policy Analysis: Theory, Politics and Methods (págs. 63-78). USA: CRC Press Taylor & Francis.

Birkland, T. A. (2011). An Introduction to the Policy Process: Theories, Concepts and Models of Public Policy Making. New York: M.E. Sharpe.

Boisier, S. (1997). El Vuelo de un Cometa. Una Metáfora para una Teoría del Desarrollo Territorial. Estudios Regionales, 41-79.

Boudeville, J. R. (1964). Croissance polarisée du Rio Grande do Sul. Caravelle. Cahiers du Monde Hispanique et Luso-Brésilien, 345-362.

Brenner, L., & Aguilar, A. G. (2002). Luxury Tourism and Regional Economic Development in Mexico. The Professional Geographer, 500-520.

Buhalis, D. (2000). Marketing the Competitive Destination of the Future. Tourism Management, 21, 97-2000.

Butler, E. W., Pick, J. B., & Hettrick, J. W. (2001). Mexico and Mexico City in the World Economy. United States: Westview Press.

Butler, R. W. (1980). The Concept of a Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution: Implications for Management of Resources. Canadian Geographer, 5-12.

Camagni, R. (2006). Compétitivité Territoriale: La Recherche d´avantages Absolus. Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Économique, 95-115.

Chazart, M. (2001). SUR L'ATTRACTIVITE DU TERRITOIRE FRANCAIS . France: Premiere Ministre.

Clifton, J., Díaz, D. F., & Fernández, M. G. (2015). Public Infraestructure Services in the European Union: Challenges for Territorial Cohesion. Regional Studies, 358-373.

Cohen, E. (1972). Toward a Sociology of International Tourism. Social Research, 164-182.

Condeco, M., Gutiérrez, J., & García, J. C. (2011). Spatial Roads of Road Pricing: Accesibility, Regional Spillovers and Territorial Cohesion. Transport Research Part A, 185-203.

Cracolici, M. F., & Nijkamp, P. (2008). The Attractiveness and Competitiveness of Tourist Destinations: A Study of Southern Italian Regions. Tourism Management, 336-344.

Crouch, G. I. (2010). Destination Competitiveness: An Analysis of Determinats Attributes. Journal of Travel Research, 27-45.

Crouch, G., & Ritchie, B. J. (1999). Tourism, Competitivesness, and Societal Prosperity. Journal of Business Research, 137-152.

de Mattos, C. A. (1998). Reestructuración, Crecimiento y Expansión Metropolitana en las Economías Emergentes Latinoamericanas. Economía Sociedad y Territorio, 723-754.

de Mattos, C. A. (2001). Movimientos de Capital y Expansión Metropolitana en las Economías Emergentes Latinoamericanas. Revista de Estudios Regionales, 15-43.

Elhasbi, A., Barkaoui, M., Bouksour, O., & Kamach, O. (2017). Les Determinants de l´attractivité Territoriale des Entrerprises Manufacturiéres et Logistiques Étrangéres. La Revue Gestion et Organisation , 25-36.

Elies, F. B. (2006). La atractividad Económica de los Territorios. Francia: Université Jean Moulin.

Fabry, N. (2009). Clusters de Tourisme, Compétitivité des Acteurs et Attractivité des les Territoires. Revue International d´intelligence Économique, 55-66.

Freeman, E. R. (1984). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Boston: Pitman.

Freeman, E. R., Wicks, A. C., & Parmar, B. (2004). Stakeholder Theory and "The Coorporative Objective Revisited". Organization Science, 364-369.

Gagnon, S. (2007). L´attractivité Touristique des Territoires. Téoros, 3-4.

García-Silverman, A. (1970). Clasificación de los Recursos Turísticos. Investigaciones Geográficas, 61-65.

Garrocho, C. R., & Campos, J. A. (2006). Un Indicador de Accesibilidad a Unidades de Servicios Clave para Ciudades Mexicanas: Fundamentos, Apoyo y Aplicación . Economía Sociedad y Territorio, 349-397.

Gérardin, H., & Poirot, J. (2010). L´Attractivité Des Territoires: Un Concept Multidimensionnel . Mondes en Développement, 27-41.

Glasmeier, A. K. (1999). Territory-Based Regional Development Policy and Planning in a Learning Economy: The Case of Real Service Centers in Industrial Districts. European Urban and Regional Studies, 73-84.

Gunn, C. A. (1988). Vacationscape: Designing Tourist Areas . United States: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Gutierrez, J. (2001). Location, Economic Potential and Daily Accesibility: An Analysis of the Accesibility Impact og the High-Speed Line Madrid-Barcelona-French Border. Journal of Transport Geography, 229-242.

Guzmán-Sala, A. (2016). INNOVATIONS DANS LE SECTEUR TOURISTIQUE AU MEXIQUE Le Tabasco: analyse opérationnelle et perspectives. París: L´Harmattan.

Guzmán-Sala, A., García-Martínez, V., Mayo-Castro, A., & Gómez-Díaz, A. I. (2016). El Sector del Turismo en Tabasco Análisis Operativo y Perspectiva de la Oferta y la Demanda. México: Clave Editorial.

Hatem, F. (2005). Attractivite de Territoire: Theorie et Practique, Aller-Retour. Normandie: Ecole de management de Normandie.

Hidalgo-Fernández, A., Hernández Rojas, R., del Río, J., Antonio, J., & Casas-Rosal, J. C. (2019). Tourist Motivations and Satisfaction in the Archaeological Ensemble of Madinat Al-Zahra. Sustainability, 11(5), 1380.

Holder, J. S. (1992). The Need for Public-Private Sector Cooperation in Tourism. Tourism Management, 157-162.

Huart, D. (2013). L’attractivité des Territoires du Nord-Pas-de-Calais. France: INSEE: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques.

Jafari, J. (1979). The Tourism Market Basket of Good and Services. Tourism Recreation Research, 1-8.

Jiao, J., Wang, J., Jin, F., & Dunford, M. (2014). Impacts on Accesibility of China´s Present and Future HSR Network. Journal of Transport Geography, 123-132.

Jiménez, A. d. (1990). Turismo: Estructura y Desarrollo. México: McGraw-Hill.

Karlsson, C. (1997). Product Development, Innovation Networks, Infrastructure and Agglomeration Economies . The Annals of Regional Science, 235-258.

Knezevic, R. (2008). Contents and Assessment of Basic Tourism Resources. Tourism and Hospitality Management , 79-94.

Kozak, M., Baloglu, S., & Bahar, O. (2009). Meausring Destination Competitiveness: Multiple Destinations Versus Multiple Nationalities. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 56-71.

Krugman, P. (1996). A Country is Not a Company. Harvard Business Review , 40-51.

Leask, A. (2010). Progress in Visitor Attraction Research: Towards More Effective Management. Tourism Management, 155-166.

Leno, F. C. (1991). Los Recursos Turísticos en un Proceso de Planificación: Inventario y Evaluación. Papers de Turisme, 7-24.

Masson, S., & Petiot, R. (2012). Attractivité Territoriale, Infrastructures Logistiques et Développement Durable. Les Cahiers Scientifiques du Transport, 63-90.

Moncayo, E. J. (2004). Nuevos Enfoques de Desarrollo Territorial: Colombia una Perspectiva Latinoamericana. Bogota, Colombia: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, ONU, CEPAL.

Nijkamp, P. (1986). Infrastructure and Regional Development: A Multidimensional Policy Analysis. EMPEC, 1-21.

Pearce, D. G. (2014). Toward an Integrative Conceptual Framework of Destinations. Journal of Travel Research, 141-153.

Pecqueur, B. (2013). Territorial Development: A New Approach to Development Process for the Economies of Developing Countries. INTERthesis, 8-32.

Perroux, F. (1955). Note sur la Notion de Pôle de Croissance. Économie Appliquée, 307-320.

Plog, S. C. (1974). Why Destination Areas Rise and Fall in Popularity. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly , 55-58.

Sassen, S. (2005). When the National Territorry in Home to the Global: Old Borders to Novel Borderings. New Political Economy, 523-541.

SECTUR. (2017). Resultados de la Actividad Hotelera Enero-Diciembre 2016. México: Secretaria de Turismo.

Sthör, W. (1980). Development form Below: the Botom-Up and Periphery-Inward Development Paradigm. IIR-Discussion Papers, 1-54.

Swarbrooke, J. (2002). The Development and Management of Visitor Attractions. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Thót, G., & Dávid, L. (2010). Tourism and Accessibility: An Integrated Approach. Applied Geography(30), 666-677.

Torres, R., & Momsen, J. (2005). Planned Tourism Development in Quintana Roo, Mexico: Engine for Regional Development or Perscription for Inequitable Growth? Current Issues in Tourism, 259-258.

Tulio, M. I. (2015). Los Centros Integralmente Planeados (CIP´S) en México. Revista Latinoamericana de Turismologia, 36-53.

Vázquez-Barquero, A. (2007). Desarrollo Endógeno: Teorías y Políticas de Desarrollo Territorial. Investigaciones Regionales, 183-210.

Vos, J. F., Boonstra, A., & Achtercamp, M. C. (2016). Understanding the Dyadic Promoter-Stakeholder Relations in Complex Projects. International Journal of Imformation Systems and Project Management, 5-23.

Wilson, T. D. (2008). Economic and Social Impacts of Tourism in Mexico. Latin American Perspectives, 37-52.

Xu, J. B. (2010). Perceptions of Tourism Products. Tourism Management, 607-610.
Published
2019-07-01
How to Cite
Guzmán-Sala, A. (2019, July 1). TERRITORIAL ATTRACTIVENESS: ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF THE DESTINATIONS. Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research, 2(3), 20-43. Retrieved from http://jthr.es/index.php/journal/article/view/64