WHEN URBAN GEOLOGY MEETS CULTURAL TOURISM
The region of Algarve (Southern Portugal) has a rich geological history, whose testimonies are the different rock types, their structures and the fossils. These can be found not only in the countryside, in quarrels or in the cliffs, but also in the towns, in the building-stones of monuments, other edifices or pavements. The state and the way of weathering of the stones informs about their exposition and durability. By observing the stones, they can tell us about their origin and age.
Joining this history with the history of the buildings and their art, and knowing (or presuming) the local of the provenience of the building material, it is possible to get a more complete image of the whole context, including, for instance, the transport possibilities. If there are any “exotic” stones, that is to say stones whose origin was far from the visited site, we may take conclusions about trading connections in the country or even overseas.
The inclusion of Urban Geology in the usual paths of cultural tourism will enrich the touristic offer of a town. It is aimed to people with historical and scientific interest and can be participated by persons with reduced mobility. The stones and eventually the fossils can be observed in the town during the whole year, at any weather, without the need of pollutant cross-country vehicles or long and exhausting walking-tours. Therefore, Urban Geology is a very interesting complement of the Cultural Tourism in the Algarvian towns.
Chylińska, D., & Kołodziejczyk, K. (2018). Geotourism in an urban space? Open Geosciences, 10, 297–310.
Culshaw, M. G., & Price, S. J. (2011). The 2010 Hans Cloos Lecture: The Contribution of Urban Geology to the Development, Regenration and Conservation of Cities. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-011-0377-4
Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. (1998). Pietra dura. Retrieved November 21, 2018, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/pietra-dura
Gonçalves, M. M. (2014). On the trail of the storks. Proposal for a pedestrian circuit in Faro (Algarve, Portugal). In R.
Amoêda, S. Lira, & C. Pinheiro (Eds.), Heritage 2014 (pp.
1325–1336). Barcelos: Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development. https://doi.org/10 14575/gl/heritage2014/0130
ICOMOS. (1999). International Cultural Tourism Charter. Managing Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance.
Mexico. Retrieved from https://www.icomos.org/charters/tourism_e.pdf
International Commission on Stratigraphy. (2018). International Chronostratigraphic Chart. Retrieved November 22, 2018, from http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart- timescale
Kéroul. (n.d.). Universal Design. Guide for Inclusive Tourism. Retrieved November 27, 2018, from http://www.keroul.qc.ca/DATA/PRATIQUEDOCUMENT/136_fr.pdf
Michelin Green Guide. (2010). Lisbon: The White City. Journal Pioneer. Retrieved from https://www.journalpioneer.com/living/lisbon-the-white-city-63577/
Moura, A. C. (1994). Catálogo de Rochas Ornamentais de Portugal Vol. I-IV. (A. C. Moura, Ed.). Lisboa: Direcção-Geral de Geologia e Minas.
Paula, R. M., & Paula, F. (1993). Faro, Evolução Urbana e Património. (Câmara Municipal de Faro, Ed.). Faro.
Perez-Monserrat, E., Buergo, M. A. de, Gomez-Heras, M., Muriel, M. J. V., & Gonzalez, R.
F. (2013). An urban geomonumental route focusing on the petrological and decay features of traditional building stones in Madrid, Spain. Environmental Earth Sciences, 69(4), 1071–1084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012-2164-3
Pica, A., Reynard, E., Grangier, L., Kaiser, C., Ghiraldi, L., Perotti, L., & Monte, M. Del. (2018). GeoGuides, Urban Geotourism Offer Powered by Mobile Application Technology. Geoheritage, 10, 311–326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-017-0237-0
PORDATA. (2018). Dados de Turismo. Retrieved November 13, 2018, from https.//www.pordata.pt
Richards, G. (2018). Cultural Tourism: A review of recent research and trends. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 36, 12–21.
Rodrigues, L. A., & Agostinho, M. (2016a). Faro - Guia de Geologia e Paleontologia Urbana. Urban Geology and Paleontology Guide. Lagos: Centro Ciência Viva de Lagos.
Rodrigues, L. A., & Agostinho, M. (2016b). Lagos - Guia de Geologia e Paleontologia Urbana. Urban Geology and Paleontology Guide. Lagos: Centro Ciência Viva de Lagos.
Rodrigues, L. A., & Agostinho, M. (2016c). Tavira - Guia de Geologia e Paleontologia Urbana. Urban Geology and Paleontology Guide. Lagos: Centro Ciência Viva de Lagos.
Rodrigues, M. L., Machado, C. R., & Freire, E. (2011). Geotourism Routes in Urban Areas:
A Preliminary Approach to the Lisbon Geoheritage Survey. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites, 2(8), 281–294.
Société Géologique de France. (n.d.). Collection Balades géologiques. Retrieved November 17, 2018, from https://www.geosoc.fr/boutique-en-ligne/collection-balades- geologiques.html
Terrinha, P., Rocha, R. B., Rey, J., Cachão, M., Moura, D., Roque, C., … Bensalah, M. K. (2013). A Bacia do Algarve: Estratigrafia, Paleogeografia e Tectónica. In R. Dias, A. Araújo, P. Terrinha, & J. C. Kullberg (Eds.), Geologia de Portugal Volume II: Geologia Meso-cenozóica de Portugal (pp. 29–166). Lisboa: Escolar Editora.
UNWTO. (2018a). Tourism and Culture Synergies. Madrid. Retrieved from https://www.e- unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284418978
UNWTO. (2018b). UNWTO Tourism Definitions. Retrieved from http://publications.unwto.org/publication/UNWTO-Tourism-definitions
Wever, P. de, Baudin, F., Pereira, D., Cornée, A., Egoroff, G., & Page, K. (2017). The Importance of Geosites and Heritage Stones in Cities — a Review. Geoheritage, 9(4), 561–575. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-016-0210-3
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
1.The works published in this magazine are subject to the following terms: Tourism Research Association (the publisher) preserves the patrimonial rights (copyright) of the published works, and favors and allows the reuse of them under the license of use indicated in point 2.
© Investur, 2017
2.The works are published in the electronic edition of the magazine under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivative 3.0 Spain (legal text) license. They can be copied, used, disseminated, transmitted and publicly displayed, provided that: i) the authorship and the original source of their publication (journal, editorial and URL of the work) are cited; ii) are not used for commercial purposes; iii) the existence and specifications of this license are mentioned.
3. Self-file conditions. Authors are allowed and encouraged to disseminate electronically the pre-print versions (version before being evaluated) and / or post-print (version evaluated and accepted for publication) of their works before publication, since it favors their circulation and earlier dissemination and with it a possible increase in its citation and scope among the academic community.