CULTURAL TOURISM FOR ALL: EXPERIENCES IN BAIRR` ART SOCIAL PROJECT IN THE MUNICIPALLITY OF LOULÉ

  • Ana Rodrigues
  • Sandra Vaz
  • Manuela Rosa
  • Efigénio Rebelo
Keywords: Accessible and cultural tourism, social tourism, social inclusion, educative territories, sustainable local development

Abstract

The accessible and cultural tourism for all have an important impact in social territorial cohesion, as confirmed by the “Bairr´ art” social project, implemented since 2015, by the Municipality of Loulé, thought the Health and Social Cohesion Division. Pretend to be a community development project,looking solutions to the complexity of social problems, focusing on the social housing’s residents of Loulé municipality. Besides de leisure activities, Bairr´ art project proposes tours through the Loulé municipally territory, providing cultural experiences and pedestrian walks activities thought touristic routes with heritage and landscape value. Thus, people are developing heritage experiences in their own territories.
The methodology applied in this work consists in a literature review about heritage, cultural tourism, senior tourism, social inclusion and educational territory. To obtain data it was made a satisfaction survey to the tours participants. Also it was applied exploratory non participative observation, relatively to the participant’s behavior during these tours.
This study aims to demonstrate the importance of the cultural accessible tourism for the social development of the territory. The originality of this work is the demonstration that the social inclusion processes can also be triggered through cultural and accessible tourism, having, thus, an educational role and also promoting social welfare. This project could be considered an instrument that promotes the objectives of the UN Agenda 2030 goals: non poverty, good health, well-being, and the sustainable and inclusive cities and communities. Thereby, the accessible and cultural tourism can contribute to a sustainable and socio-urban development.

Author Biography

Ana Rodrigues

University of Algarve

References

Alén, E., Losada, N.,& Carlos, P. (2017). Profiling the segments of senior tourists throughout motivation and travel characteristics. Current Issues in Tourism, 20 (14), 1454-1469.

Benktzon, M. (1993). Designing for our future selves: the Swidish experience. Applied Ergonomics, 24 (1), 19-27.

Cavaco, C. (2009). Turismo sénior: perfis e práticas. Cogitur : Journal of Tourism Studies, 2, 33-64.

Cavaco, C. coord. (2015). Cidades Sustentáveis 2020. Ministério do Ambiente, Ordenamento do Território e Energia. Lisboa.
Center for Universal Design (1997).The principles of universal design, Version 2.0. Raleigh: North Carolina State University, Center for Universal Design. USA, Connell, B. R.; Jones, M.; Mace, R.; Mueller, J.; Mullick, A.; Ostroff, E.; Sanford, J.; Steinfeld, E.; Story, M.; Vanderheiden, G., disponivel em http://www.ncsu.edu/www/ncsu/design/sod5/cud/about_ud/udprinciplestext.htm, consultado em 2018.

Dann, G. (2002). Senior Tourism and Quality of Life Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing 9,1-2, 5-19.


Darcy, S., & Dickson, T. (2009). A Whole-of-Life Approach to Tourism: The Case for Accessible Tourism Experiences. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 16, 32- 44.

Delhey, J., & Dragolov, G. (2016). Happier Together. Social cohesion and subjective well- being in Europe. International Journal of Psychology, 51(3), 163-176.

Diário da Republica Portuguesa (2010). Aviso n.º 20717/2010, de 18 de outubro, DR 2.ª série, e Declaração de Retificação n.º 2210/2010, de 29 de outubro, DR 2.ª série.

Esichaikul, R. (2012). Travel motivations behavior and requirements of European Seniors to Thailand. Passos, Revista do Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural, 10(2), 47-58.

Fialho, J. (2016). O Capital Social no Contexto da Teoria Sociológica Contemporânea.
Desenvolvimento e Sociedade, 1, 69-82.

Fórum Social Mundial Policêntrico, (2006). Carta Mundial pelo Direito à Cidade. Publicado em: 12/06/2006.
Hanson, J. (2004). The inclusive city: delivering a more accessible urban environment through inclusive design. RICS Cobra 2004 International Construction Conference. 1-39.

Henderson, H., Moore, S., Moore, J., & Kaczynski, A. (2016). The I
nfluence of Neighborhood Aesthetics, Safety, and Social Cohesion on Perceived Stress in Disadvantaged Communities. Community Phisicology. 56(1-2), 80-88.

INE (2015) Projeções de População Residente 2015-2080. 29 de março de 2017.

Jeannotte, S. (2003). Singing Alone? The contribution of cultural capital to social cohesion and sustainable comunities. International Journal of cultural Pollcy, 9 (1) 35-49.

Nella, A. & Christou, E. (2016). Extending tourism marketing: Implications for targeting the senior tourists’ segment. Journal of Tourism, Heritage & Services Marketing. 2(1), 36-42.

Rede Europeia Anti-pobreza (2011). A Estratégia Europa 2020. Europea Anti-poverty network
- reprodução autorizada mediante citação da fonte, Bruxelas.

Região de Turismo do Algarve (2014). Plano de Marketing Estratégico para o Turismo da Região do Algarve (2015-2018). Turismo de Portugal – Algarve.

Saby, L., Guarracino, G., & Premat, E. (2005). Being Deaf or Hard of Hearing in an Urban Environment. Forum Acusticum 2005 Budapest, 1859-1864.

Schalock, R. (2000). Three Decades of Quality of Life. Hammilli Institute on Disabilities.15 (2),116-127.

Scharf, T., Phillipson, C., & Smith, A. (2001). Social Exclusion and Older People: Exploring the Connections, Education and Ageing,16 (3), 303-320.

Schiefer, D. & Noll, J. (2017). The Essentials of Social Cohesion: A Literature Review. Social Indicators Research. International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 132(2), 579-603.

Śniadek, J. (2006).Age of Seniors – a challenge for tourism and leisure industry. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism, 3, 103-105.

UNDESA (2015). Divisão para a População, Perspectivas Demográficas Mundiais: Revisão de 2015, Edição DVD.

UNWTO (2015). Manual on Acessible Tourism for All Public-private Partnerships and Good Pratices. Madrid, Spain: Wold Tourism Organization, 3-10.

Vigolo, V. (2017). Older tourist Behavior and Marketing Tools. Tourism Hospitality & Event Management, 25-60.

World Economic and Social Survey (2007) Development in an Ageing World. United Nations publication. New York. USA.
Published
2019-10-03
How to Cite
Rodrigues, A., Vaz, S., Rosa, M., & Rebelo, E. (2019, October 3). CULTURAL TOURISM FOR ALL: EXPERIENCES IN BAIRR` ART SOCIAL PROJECT IN THE MUNICIPALLITY OF LOULÉ. Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research, 2(4), 216-237. Retrieved from http://jthr.es/index.php/journal/article/view/111